What’s at issue? In 2016, the U.S. Department of Homeland Security implemented a Countering Violent Extremism (CVE) Grant Program “seek[ing] to develop and expand efforts at the community level to counter violent extremist recruitment and radicalization to violence.” While these are noble and important goals, and areas of focus for grant projects are indeed appropriate aims for combatting violent extremism, the Department of Homeland Security’s approach is flawed on enough levels that faculty p ...
Two of the largest movements focused on improving the lives of Black people and other people of color, Fight for $15 and The Movement for Black Lives, are joining forces April 4 for a national day of protest: “Fight Racism, Raise Pay.” Faculty are united with the social movement because we know firsthand, as I say here, “how racial and economic inequality are interconnected social problems and how they're working in higher education to perpetuate those inequalities in society at large.” Protests ...
Faculty Forward Network members expressed their concerns to the University of North Carolina Board of Governors regarding a board policy proposal that would bar the UNC–Chapel Hill School of Law’s Center for Civil Rights from providing legal representation to people in need. In particular, this policy would limit the preparation of law students to practice civil rights law. An attack on UNC’s Center for Civil Rights will hurt the students and people the center serves, but it bears national signi ...
It was a couple of weeks after Donald Trump's election as president and we were feeling demoralized after a victory for plutocracy and white male privilege. Hate crimes committed in Trump's name were increasing. So on Nov. 27, I published a piece titled: "Friends, Even This Cloud Has a Silver Lining." Despite these defeats, there really is something to be thankful for when we consider all the ways in which the previously apolitical and disillusioned among us have decided to activate. Here we ...
As an adjunct instructor in a developmental education department, it is easy to get tunnel vision when teaching my students the nuts of bolts of writing, especially when these courses target struggling writers and English language learners. Developmental writing courses are required for students who do not meet the college’s minimum writing requirements upon acceptance, which means students do not personally elect to take them. Those who enroll in these classes often have a less than favorable v ...
The assault on campus values, traditional learning, and professional working conditions in higher education is a widespread problem. Many students are faced with debt until death and teaching is hardly a middle-class profession anymore. This isn’t education—it is exploitation. Recently confirmed Secretary of Education billionaire Betsy DeVos and the Trump administration will not be the leader that American higher education needs. That’s why it’s time to take a stand and make real change in highe ...
I have always viewed teaching in higher education as a form of activism. I personally had a lot of awakenings during my college education and still hold many of my professors in high regard for this. This has never been more important to me than right now during President Donald Trump's regime. With fake news and “alternative facts” appearing in our national lexicon it has never been more important to teach students critical thought. I have always integrated current events into my course and ...
Collie Fulford, associate professor of English at North Carolina Central University, spoke during the public comment session following the January 13, 2017 UNC Board of Governors meeting. Her comments and follow-up email may serve as a model for other faculty considering similar action.
Dear Chancellor Akinleye,
I used your prior title when I greeted you at the January 13 Board of Governors meeting in Chapel Hill. I hope you will forgive my faux pas. Chancellor Saunders-White's passing still seems rather raw, and we all are adjusting.
My attendance at the BOG was to contribute to the public comments period following the meeting. I attach those comments here for your review as well. In them, I have asked the Board to take a close look at the quality of contingent instructional labor contracts within the UNC system. Although the trend toward piecemeal contingent labor is a national and state-level problem, it is at the local level that we must address it most urgently because this is where we can document the effects of such misplaced austerity measures, as I attempted briefly in my attached remarks.
While I understand the need for some degree of flexibility in our instructional scheduling and contracting, I do not believe that we are so poor at planning at NCCU that we need to keep 48% of our faculty on contingent contracts. Our enrollments are far more predictable than that. We could and should become an employer of choice in the UNC system by leading the charge for instructional stability. This will have benefits to our ongoing student-centered goals as well, since the heart of our institution is formed by positive relationships between faculty and students. Labor and learning conditions are intimately tied.
I therefore hope that you will do all that you can to argue for sufficient instructional funds for NCCU, to consolidate a significant percentage of contingent contracts into more stable tenure lines, and to place an internal budgetary priority on the academic core. We can become the kind of ethical employer and driver of the middle class we would want for our alumni, but our current labor practices undermine that goal. I look to you for leadership on this and I would gladly meet with you at your convenience to discuss the issue in more depth.
Carolyn (Collie) Fulford, PhD
North Carolina Central University
Remarks prepared by Collie Fulford for the public comment period following the January 13, 2017 UNC Board of Governors meeting
Vice Chairman Aiken, Secretary Perry, and members of the board,
Thank you for having me here today for public comment.
I am an associate professor of English at NCCU. I direct the first year writing program there. And I am a member of Faculty Forward Network.
I speak today about connections between our goals for students and employment practices in the UNC system.
There is much emphasis currently on recruitment, retention, completion, and workforce readiness in the UNC system. I listened to some of your December meeting, so I know these are on all your minds, too. I’ll discuss why these emphases require that the UNC system take an uncompromising look at its own employment practices and ask these hard questions:
- “What are we doing to value the credentials we have designed?”
- “When we hire highly qualified people for professional positions, are we providing working conditions and salaries that are commensurate with their work and their qualifications?”
- “Are we modeling the kinds of ethical employment practices that we want our own graduates to experience in their careers?”
Unfortunately, by these criteria, the UNC system currently falls far short of its promise. For almost half of the instructional positions in the UNC system, I rate our employment practices at a C, D, or F, depending on variations in contingent contracts across our system.
According to the National Center for Education Statistics IPEDS, in 2014, 48% of NCCU's instructors were contingent. I was shocked to learn that, but it’s not unusual in North Carolina. Indeed, per the AAUP, more than half of the nation's faculty appointments are now contingent.
Here’s what that looks like up close.
My own department recently offered an instructor $4,000 per course to teach two classes. If this were full time, the contract would equal just a $32,000 salary. That’s far from commensurate with the level of work we expect from our faculty.
This instructor is a graduate of our MA program. She earned a competitive fellowship and completed a PhD recently. I’m so proud of her accomplishments. But I am deeply ashamed of the position we offered her. It will require that she teach at three different institutions in order to make ends meet this year. And she will have no benefits.
The UNC system can do better and it must.
We faculty are urged to market our programs aggressively, to encourage students to seek advanced degrees. Yet at the same time, our system radically undervalues advanced degrees by suppressing the wages of faculty and relegating half of them to the insecurity of contingent positions. Under this model, how can we in good faith urge our promising undergraduates to pursue Masters and PhDs?
We can live up to the promise of higher education by providing professional wages for all academic labor.
I thank you for your time.Read More
The nomination of Betsy DeVos to the Department of Education as Education Secretary in the coming Trump administration is an affront to public education at all levels. DeVos has no public education experience, personally or professionally. She is a billionaire with a penchant for privatizing education for profit and funneling millions to conservative and religious causes, including political contributions to oppose same-sex-marriage laws. She’s also anti-union and omitted a $125,000 political do ...
As we look back on 2016, let’s remember that we kept the drums beating for all faculty to live and work more openly and freely. This type of bravery in the face of oppression and exploitation speaks truth to power and defends the American dream—thank you. ...